Understanding the Demographics of Bihar: OBCs and EBCs Comprising Over 63% of the Population

piles care


In this comprehensive article, we delve into the demographics of Bihar, shedding light on an important facet of its society. Bihar is a state in eastern India with a rich cultural heritage and a diverse population. One crucial aspect of this diversity lies in the composition of its population, where Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and Extremely Backward Classes (EBCs) together constitute more than 63% of the populace. This demographic mosaic plays a pivotal role in shaping the social and political landscape of the state.

Historical Perspective

To truly understand the significance of OBCs and EBCs in Bihar, it is essential to delve into the historical context. The caste system in India has played a prominent role in the social hierarchy for centuries. OBCs and EBCs have traditionally occupied positions that were considered lower in this hierarchy, which has had a profound impact on their socio-economic status and political representation.

Composition of OBCs and EBCs

Other Backward Classes (OBCs)

OBCs in Bihar are a diverse group, encompassing various castes and sub-castes. This category includes communities that have historically faced social and economic disadvantages. Some prominent OBC groups in Bihar include Yadavs, Kurmis, Koeris, and more. These communities have made significant strides in recent years, with many members actively participating in politics, education, and various other fields.

Extremely Backward Classes (EBCs)

EBCs represent an even more marginalized segment of Bihar’s population. This category includes castes that have faced severe socio-economic challenges and have often been left out of mainstream development initiatives. EBCs consist of various communities, such as Mallahs, Nats, and Musahars, who have historically struggled with poverty and lack of access to basic amenities.

Political Influence

The political landscape of Bihar is heavily influenced by OBCs and EBCs. These communities constitute a significant vote bank and have played a crucial role in determining the outcomes of state and national elections. Political parties in Bihar actively woo OBC and EBC voters, recognizing their substantial presence and influence.

Socio-Economic Development

Efforts have been made to uplift OBCs and EBCs in Bihar through various government schemes and programs. Initiatives aimed at providing better access to education, healthcare, and employment opportunities have been implemented. However, challenges persist, and there is still much work to be done to ensure equitable development for these communities.


In conclusion, the demographics of Bihar reveal a complex and diverse society where OBCs and EBCs constitute a significant portion of the population. Their historical marginalization has had a lasting impact on their socio-economic status and political influence. Understanding and addressing the needs of these communities are essential steps towards achieving inclusive development in the state. Bihar’s future will undoubtedly be shaped by the empowerment and integration of its OBCs and EBCs, making them key players in the state’s progress.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *